Anthropology is the scientific study of humanity, concerned with human behavior, human biology, cultures, societies, and linguistics, in both the present and past, including past human species. Social anthropology studies patterns of behavior, while cultural anthropology studies cultural meaning, including norms and values. A portmanteau sociocultural anthropology is commonly used today. Linguistic anthropology studies how language influences social life.
Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of humans.
Development efforts of any organization need to include and benefit people with various
types of disabilities, people at risks of exclusion/discrimination and marginalization, through
providing quality education and training, creating equity, accessibility, employability,
promoting prosperity, reducing poverty and enhancing peace, stability and creating inclusive
society. Unfortunately, this has not been the practice for the majority of people with
disabilities and vulnerable groups, due to unfavorable attitude, negligence, inaccessibility and
exclusion from all development endeavors. It is obvious that people with disabilities are the
large stand most disadvantaged minority in the world. They are about 15 percent of the
global population (about one billion people), and 17.6 million in Ethiopia, with most
extended families including someone with a disability (World Health Organization and World
Bank and 2011). An exclusion practice of this large number of persons with disabilities in
Ethiopia is an indicator of violating fundamental human rights that undermines their
potential/ability to contribute to poverty reduction and economic growth within their
household, their community and the country. It is clear that it is not impairment, but, the
exclusion practices that has contributed for insecurity (conflict), poverty aggravation for
persons with disabilities and vulnerabilities, that has highly demanding inclusive practices.
Exclusion practices of persons with disabilities have a long history, affecting the life of
people with disabilities and the society at large. In the past and even today people have been
discriminated due to their disabilities.
The immediate outcome of this course includes:
Understanding of concepts and focuses of social problem
Imparting major themes and challenges in social problem and methods
Understanding of the major methods of intervention to solve social problems
Understanding of policies as well as emergent trends and types of social problems in the current world
Examining Social problem concepts, theories, research issues and policies in the context of Ethiopia
This course is designed to introduce the anthropology of Ethiopian societies and cultures to first year students' of Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs). It covers basic concepts of anthropology such as culture, society and humanity. It also discusses themes including unity and diversity; kinship, marriage and family; indigenous knowledge systems and local governance, identity, multiculturalism, conflict, conflict resolution and peacemaking system; intra and inter-ethnic relations of Ethiopian peoples. In addition, the course explores culture areas of Ethiopia such as plough culture, enset culture and pastoralism. The course further covers marginalized minority and vulnerable groups in terms of age, gender, occupation and ethnicity by taking ethnographic case studies into account and discuss ways of inclusive growth.